The more distance between teacher and student will result in more behavior problems
Can be used to communicate care and concern
Can be a subtle re-direction technique
Lets the student know you are aware of them
When should I do it?
When a student gets off task
When you know a student has the ability to lose focus often
When a student is showing signs of disruption but hasn’t become problematic yet
How do I do it?
Pay attention to your natural movements and determine areas you can change your style to increase proximity to many students at once
When giving directions, maintain proximity to at risk students
Refrain from giving instructions the same way every time
Vary your teaching that will allow you to walk around the classroom
Place a student close to you in seating arrangements
Proximity control can work to manage some behavior if it is used preventively or early. The main idea behind this technique is to put a teacher in close proximity to students who are showing signs of getting off task. If you know from prior experience that a particular group of students is likely to disrupt class, standing or sitting close to them while you lead an activity or give directions will quell a fair amount of the unwanted behavior. (from Yale.edu)